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MAP, a major component of the tool 'Arm Forge' (formerly called Allinea Forge), is a parallel profiler with a simple graphical user interface. It is installed on Cori.

Note that the performance of the X Windows-based MAP Graphical User Interface can be greatly improved if used in conjunction with the free NX software.


Arm MAP is a parallel profiler with simple Graphical User Interface. MAP can be run with up to 8192 processes, to profile serial, OpenMP and MPI codes.

The Arm Forge User Guide available from the Arm Forge web page or $ALLINEA_TOOLS_DOCDIR/userguide-forge.pdf on Cori after loading an allinea-forge module is a good resource for learning more about some of the advanced MAP features.

Loading the Arm Forge Module

To use MAP, first load the allinea-forge module to set the correct environment settings:

module load allinea-forge

Compiling Code to Run with MAP

To collect performance data, MAP uses two small libraries: MAP sampler (map-sampler) and MPI wrapper (map-sampler-pmpi) libraries. These must be used with your program. There are somewhat strict rules regarding linking order among object codes and these libraries (please read the User Guide for detailed information). But if you follow the instructions printed by MAP utility scripts, then it is very likely your code will run with MAP.

Your program must be compiled with the -g option to keep debugging symbols, together with optimization flags that you would normally use. If you use the Cray compiler on the Cray machines, we recommend the -G2 option.

Below we show build instructions using a Fortran case, but the C or C++ usage is the same.

On Cray Machines

Dynamic linking has become the default mode of linking on Cori. To build a dynamically-linked executable, you don't have to build the MAP libraries. You build your executable as you would normally do, but with the -g compile flag:

ftn -c -g testMAP.f
ftn -o testMAP_ex testMAP.o -Wl,--eh-frame-hdr

Building an statically-linked executable for MAP is more complicated on Cray machines. You need to first explicitly build the static MAP sampler and MPI wrapper libraries using make-profiler-libraries, and then link your executable against them. For details, please check the user guide.

Starting a Job with MAP

Running an X window GUI application can be painfully slow when it is launched from a remote system over internet. NERSC recommends to use the free NX software because the performance of the X Window-based DDT GUI can be greatly improved. Another way to cope with the problem is to use Arm Forge remote client, which will be discussed in the next section.

You can also start Be sure to log in with an X window forwarding enabled. This could mean using the -X or -Y option to ssh. The -Y option often works better for macOS.

ssh -Y

After loading the allinea-forge module and compiling with the -g option, request an interactive session:

salloc -q interactive -N numNodes -C knl

Load the allinea-forge module if you haven't loaded it yet:

module load allinea-forge

Then launch the profiler with either

map ./testDDT_ex


forge ./testDDT_ex

where ./testDDT_ex is the name of your program to profile.

The Arm Forge GUI will pop up, showing a start up menu for you to select what to do. For profiling choose the option 'PROFILE' with the 'arm MAP' tool. You can also choose to 'LOAD PROFILE DATA FILE' to view profiling results saved in a file created in a previous MAP run.


Then a submission window will appear with a prefilled path to the executable to debug. Select the number of processors on which to run and press run. To pass command line arguments to a program enter them in the 'srun arguments' box.


MAP will start your program and collect performance data from all processes.


By default, MAP lets your program run to completion and will display data for the entire run. You can also use the 'Stop and Analyze' button and the menu beneath it to control how long to profile your program.

Reverse Connect Using Remote Client

Arm provides remote clients for Windows, macOS and Linux that can run on your local desktop to connect via SSH to NERSC systems to debug, profile, edit and compile files directly on the remote NERSC machine. You can download the clients from Arm Forge download page and install on your laptop/desktop.

Please note that the client version must be the same as the Arm Forge version that you're going to use on the NERSC machines.

For configuring the client for NERSC systems, follow the similar steps shown in the DDT web page. If you have done configuration for using DDT on a NERSC machine, the same configuration will be used for running MAP.

You can start MAP similarly. Select the configuration from the Remote Launch menu corresponding to the machine that you want to use, and login using your NERSC password.



Arm recommends to use the Reverse Connection method with the remote client. To do this, put aside the remote client window that you have been working with, and login to the corresponding machine from a window on your local machine, as you would normally do.

ssh -Y

Then, start an interactive batch session there,

salloc -N 1 -t 30:00 -q debug -C haswell

and run ddt with with the option --connect as follows:

module load alline-forge
map --connect srun -n 24 ./jacobi_mpi

The remote client will ask you whether to accept a Reverse Connect request. Click 'Accept'.


The usual Run window will appear where you can change or set run configurations and debugging options. Click 'Run'.


Now, your program will start under MAP and profiling results are displayed in the remote client.

Profiling Results

After completing the run, MAP displays the collected performance data using GUI.


For info on how to interpret the results, please see the Arm Forge User Guide.

MAP saves profiling results in a file, where # is for the process count and yyyy-mm-dd_HH-MM is the time stamp.

$ ls -l
-rw-------  1 wyang wyang   273822 Apr  4 17:16

Running in Command Line Mode

MAP can be run from the command line without GUI, by using the -profile option. You can submit a batch job as follows:

$ cat runit
#SBATCH -q debug
#SBATCH -t 10:00

module load allinea-forge
map --profile --np=24 ./jacobi_mpi

$ sbatch runit
Submitted batch job 1054621

$ cat slurm-1054621.out
Allinea Forge 6.0.1-46365 - Allinea MAP
Profiling             : /global/cscratch1/sd/wyang/debugging/jacobi_mpi
Allinea sampler       : statically linked

MPI implementation    : Auto-Detect (Cray X-Series (MPI/shmem/CAF))
* number of processes : 24
* Allinea MPI wrapper : statically linked
MPI enabled           : Yes
* MPI implementation  : SLURM (MPMD)
* number of processes : 24
* number of nodes     : 1
* Allinea MPI wrapper : statically linked

MAP analysing program...
MAP gathering samples...
MAP generated /global/cscratch1/sd/wyang/debugging/
           1   38.97168
          20   4.573649

$ ls -l
-rw-------   1 wyang wyang   146101 Feb  1 12:21
$ sbatch runit


If you are having trouble launching MAP, try these steps.

Make sure you have the most recent version of the system.config configuration file. The first time you run DDT, you pick up a master template which then gets stored locally in your home directory in ~/.allinea/${NERSC_HOST}/system.config where ${NERSC_HOST} is the machine name. If you are having problems launching DDT you could be using an older verion of the system.config file and you may want to remove the entire directory:

rm -rf ~/.allinea/${NERSC_HOST}

Remove any stale processes that may have been left by DDT.

rm -rf $TMPDIR/allinea-$USER

In case of a font problem where every character is displayed as a square, please delete the .fontconfig directory in your home directory and restart ddt.

rm -rf ~/.fontconfig

Make sure you are requesting an interactive batch session. NERSC has configured DDT to run from the interactive batch jobs.

cori$ salloc -q interactive -N numNodes -C knl

Finally make sure you have compiled your code with -g. If none of these tips help, please contact the consultants via

Training & Tutorials