Hierarchical Data Format version 5 (HDF5) is a set of file formats, libraries, and tools for storing and managing large scientific datasets. Originally developed at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, it is currently supported by the non-profit HDF Group.
HDF5 is a different product from previous versions of software named HDF, representing a complete redesign of the format and library. It also includes improved support for parallel I/O. The HDF5 file format is not compatible with HDF 4.x versions.
Documentation and presentations¶
For an introduction to HDF5 refer to the official documentation.
Quincey Koziol from NERSC, gave a talk about HDF5 at the Argonne Training Program on Extreme-Scale Computing (ATPESC) 2019, covering the basics of the library and the format, examples of parallel HDF5 access, optimizations, future developments, etc.
The slides and code examples of Quincey's presentation at ATPESC 2020 are available for download here.
Using HDF5 at NERSC¶
Cray provides native HDF5 libraries for each of the three
PrgEnvs. The module
cray-hdf5 provides a serial HDF5 I/O library:
module load cray-hdf5 ftn my_serial_hdf5_code.f90
cray-hdf5-parallel provides a parallel HDF5 implementation:
module load cray-hdf5-parallel ftn my_parallel_hdf5_code.f90
After loading one of those modules, one can continue to use the Cray compiler wrappers
ftn to compile HDF5 applications without requiring any additional flags to the compiler:
Known issues on Cori¶
- The netCDF and HDF libraries provided by recent versions of the
cray-hdf5-parallelmodules use a file locking feature. This feature is supported by the Cori Scratch file system, but is not supported by GPFS file systems (Community, Home, etc) using the DVS forwarder on Cori.
Common symptoms of this problem are error messages like:
OSError: Unable to open file (unable to lock file, errno = 524, error message = 'Unknown error 524')
_pmi_alps_init:alps_get_placement_info returned with error -1 _pmi_init:_pmi_alps_init returned -1
Before you run a program built with the Cray libraries on Cori doing I/O against those file systems, you need to disable file locking by exporting the following variable:
Note that this only applies to Cori, as Perlmutter mounts GPFS file systems without using DVS forwarder.
Other HDF5 tools at NERSC¶
NERSC provides several additional tools which allow users to interact with HDF5 data.
H5py provides an easy-to-use high level interface, which allows an application to store huge amounts of numerical data, and easily manipulate that data from NumPy. H5py uses straightforward Python and NumPy metaphors, like dictionaries and NumPy arrays. For example, you can iterate over datasets in a file, or check the .shape or .dtype attributes of datasets. You don't need to know anything special about HDF5 to get started. H5py rests on an object-oriented Cython wrapping of the HDF5 C API. Almost anything you can do in HDF5 from C, you can do with h5py from Python.
For information about using H5py at NERSC, please see our parallel Python page.
A common error encountered by h5py users is documented on our Python FAQ and troubleshooting page.
HDF5 Utility Toolkit (H5hut) is a veneer API for HDF5: H5hut files are also valid HDF5 files and are compatible with other HDF5-based interfaces and tools. For example, the
h5dump tool that comes standard with HDF5 can export H5hut files to ASCII or XML for additional portability. H5hut also includes tools to convert H5hut data to the Visualization ToolKit (VTK) format and to generate scripts for the Gnuplot data plotting tool.
H5hut is not available on Perlmutter.
Using H5hut at NERSC¶
For serial HDF5 code:
module load cray-hdf5 module load h5hut cc my_serial_h5hut_code.c
For parallel HDF5 code:
module load cray-hdf5-parallel module load h5hut-parallel cc my_parallel_h5hut_code.c